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domingo, 29 de junho de 2008

Conversão de Federal Standart para CMYK

Abreviaturas



Abbreviation Expansion Application
ANA U.S. Army-Navy Aircraft specification Peacetime colors after 1939. QM and Navy specifications used for stocked camouflage colors until after 1942.
BS British Standard 381c (1945) RAF/FAA colors after 1945.
FS U.S. Federal Standard 595a (rpt. 1974) Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine, and Coast Guard colors, 1960s?-
M USN specification Pre-1942
MH Methuen Handbook of Color A hard-to-find, widely mentioned, commercial reference, published in the UK.
QM U.S. Army Quartermaster Corp Specification 3-1 USAAC/USAAF colors, 1919-1943)
~ approximates When used with a color specification (i.e. ~FS30279)
/ or When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279/30282)
? possibly When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279?)
- indicates a range of values (i.e. FS30279-30282) When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279/30282)
+/ darker, lighter When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279+, darker than FS30279)
+B/ B more/less blue When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279+B)
+G/ G more/less green When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279 G)
+R/ R more/less red When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279+R)
< / > before/after When used with dates
n/a not applicable When used with a color specification
C cyan In process-color (CMYK) color models
M magenta In process-color (CMYK) color models
Y yellow In process-color (CMYK) color models
K black In process-color (CMYK) color models




United Kingdom


Color Country MH FS BS C M Y K CircaNotas de Uso
PC10UK__10118__586892141916-19superfície superior, cimas temperados
PC12UK__10117__02135581916-19superfície superior, climas tropicais
NIVOUK19-24E/F2, 27F334159, 36152, 36165__0-404691917-37aviação de combate noturno, todas as superfícies
aircraft grey-greenUK27D3__2833835445after 1940interior de cockpits
dark earthUK5E/F43011845060728201937-60ssuperfície superior
dark greenUK30F/G23407964113820681937-60ssuperfície superior
skyUK25A234504-2101151321940-60ssuperficie inferior
light earthUK5C4-630257__02041281939-41areas sombreadas, superfícies superiores (biplanos)
light greenUK26-27D/E434172__15820431939-41areas sombreadas, superfícies superiores (biplanos)
deep skyUK21E635177?__26130451940-45Altas altitudes caças e bombardeiros
middle stoneUK4D7?30266__01546401940-60sdeserto superfície superior, with dk. earth
azureUK20A3?35231 __12100111940-60sdeserto superficie inferior
PRU blueUK23E4?35189636930371941-60? reconhecimento(WW2); aviação tática, lado de baixo(1950s)
PRU mauveUK18E4?27144 r?__66633621943-45 reconhecimento de baixo nível, lado debaixo
Mediterranean blue, darkUK21E/F625053?__23100581942 reconhecimento de baixo nível, Teatro Mediterrâneo
Camotint pinkUK14/15A231668?__0151411939-45 reconhecimento de baixo nível
ocean greyUK23E336152/36187__20059after 1941caça superfície superior
sea grey, darkUK21E33617363841059after 1939fighter/strike superfície superior
sea grey, extra darkUK21F33611864042068after 1939marinha superfície superior
sea grey, mediumUK22D33627063740044after 1941 caça superficie inferior, caça-noturno surfaces
slate grey, light UK26E334159__474350101939-45marinha superfície superior
slate grey, darkUK26F134096__475050201939-45marinha superfície superior
sky grey UKM36463__000281939-45marinha superficie inferior
roundel blueUK20E83505611081634791914-1937, after 1946insignia
roundel redUK10C631105__30807701914-1937, after 1946insignia
roundel yellowUK4A833538__04310001937-41outlines of roundels, avião camuflado (on fuselage only, 1938-)
roundel blue, dullUK20F535044__1070671941-46insignia
roundel red, dullUK8D730109__06060401941-46insignia
roundel red, paleUK10B4____49211121950s-60s antiflash insignia, nuclear strike
roundel blue, paleUK22A535488__46140151950s-60s antiflash insignia, nuclear strike




United States


Color
Country
MH
FS
QM
M
ANA
C
M
Y
K
Circa
Usage notes
zinc-chromate
USA
1B8 / 4A8
33481?
n/a
n/a
n/a
0 - 29927 - 6543 - 47
after 1930
aluminum primer/sealer, non-cockpit areas
interior green
USA
29D7?
34258? / 34151 R
n/a
n/a
611
604137
after 1941
Cockpit/cabin interiors.
"chrome" yellow
USA
4A8
13432
04
n/a
n/a
0421000
1924-43
USAAC flying surfaces and ID markings.
ID yellow
USA
3B8
33538
48
M
ANA
0291003
1920-45
USN flying surfaces to 1942. USAAF markings after 1943. USN trainers.
light blue
USA
MH
35109
23
n/a
22A5
3611019
1928-42
USAAC fuselages (trainers only <1934, all types after 1934)
olive drab
USA
1F7
30118
22
n/a
613
051569
1920-39
Tactical aircraft, todas as superfícies
OD green
USA
30F6
34087
31 & 41
n/a
613
00969
1939-53
Camouflaged superfície superior, antiglare panels
medium green
USA
28F6
34092
42
n/a
612
821271
1939-45?
Breaking up outlines of olive-drab superfície superior.
neutral grey
USA
22E3
36173
32 & 43
n/a
603
52058
1939-53
superficie inferior.
flight blue (synthetic haze)
USA
22C6
35190
n/a
n/a
n/a
4221- 25825
1943-44?
Photo-reconnaissance, sprayed over sky base blue
sky base blue (synthetic haze)
USA
21C8
15123+
n/a
n/a
n/a
4620040
1943-44?
Photo-reconnaissance, undercoat for flight blue
nonspecular blue-grey
USA
none
35189
n/a
485
ANA
186150
1941-42
superfície superior, USN/USMC aircraft.
nonspecular light grey
USA
MH
36440
n/a
495
ANA
00123
1940-42
USN/USMC aircraft, todas as superfícies 1940-41, superficie inferior 1941-42
semigloss sea blue
USA
19F8++
25042
n/a
n/a
606
2222078
1945-58
todas as superfícies, USN/USMC aircraft.
non-specular sea blue
USA
20F8
35045
n/a
n/a
607
159071
1943-44
superfície superior, USN/USMC/USCG aircraft.
intermediate blue
USA
21D4
35164
n/a
n/a
608
188044
1943-44
Vertical surfaces, USN/USMC/USCG aircraft.
gull grey, dark
USA
22C2
36231
n/a
n/a
621
52032
1942-
superfície superior, Atlantic ASW aircraft, USAAF/USN.
insignia white
USA
MH
37880 / 37886
46
n/a
601
0130
1942-85
Insignia. superficie inferior, USAAF Atlantic ASW aircraft and USN.
gull grey, light
USA
22B2
36440
n/a
n/a
620
62220
after 1956-85
superfície superior, USN (with insignia white).
emerald green
USA
27F8
14109?
n/a
n/a
n/a
10061660
1962-66
COIN avião, superfície superior (high gloss)
dark green
USA
27F8
34079
n/a
n/a
n/a
501070
1968-78
USAF Sudeste da Asia (SEA) esquema
olive-drab green
USA
27E8?
34102
n/a
n/a
n/a
012056
1968-78
USAF SEA esquema
tan
USA
6C4
30219
n/a
n/a
n/a
0193133
1968-78
USAF SEA esquema
TAC grey
USA
1B1
36622
n/a
n/a
n/a
05913
1968-78
USAF SEA esquema, undersides
engine grey
USA
20F2
16081
QM
M
ANA
61075
1940-78?
USN helicópteros, drone controle
flag blue
USA
MH
15044
24
M
n/a
2522070
1919-39
USAAC/USN insignia
flag red
USA
12C7
11105
15
M
n/a
231006513
1919-39
USAAC/USN insignia
insignia blue
USA
19F8++
25042
n/a
n/a
605
2222078
1939-43
USAAF/USN insignia.
insignia red
USA
10C/D8
31136
45
M
618
01005034
1939-43
USAAF/USN insignia




Germany


Color
Country
MH
FS
RLM
RAL
C
M
Y
K
Circa
Usage notes
greyGermany27D/E224159--/24226-02--36233901930s-45 primer, cockpits (before 1942-43), wheel wells; overall on training, utility, and marine types
yellowGermany4A/B8; 4B82353804--1539501930s-45tactical/unit/ fuel-grade markings, theater markings (Balkans and Eastern Front), marine trainers
creamGermany3A/B223618/2372205--48260pre-1939overall, gliders/sailplanes
whiteGermany
2778021--11401930s-45markings
blackGermany
2703822--000981930s-45markings, night camouflage (fighters: overall before 1942, undersurfaces only, 1944-45; bombers: undersurfaces)
redGermany9A/B82130223--10999601930s-45 tactical/unit markings, pre-1939 national markings
dark blueGermany21F5/6; 21E/F725053 (25109)24--89665114pre-1939tactical/unit markings, prototype airframes pre-1939
light greenGermany25D7/82422325--75277001930s-45?tactical/unit markings
brownGermany7/8E/F820091/2010926--691009001930s-45?miscellaneous
yellowGermany5B/C723481/23434+Y27--2369301930s-45theater markings
wine-redGermany11D7/820109?28--541008001930s-45walkways, trim tabs
medium greyGermany24D236463 (36440)41--38263301930s-42 interiors, instrument panels, primer
dark brownGermany6F4/520045/2009961--718082351930s-38 camouflage, upper-surface splinter with 62 and 63
greenGermany27E/F334128 (greyer)62--5541562pre-1939camouflage, upper-surface splinter with 61 and 63
light green-greyGermany1/2B/C226400/2655963--1210170pre-1939camouflage, upper-surface splinter with 61 and 63 or overall on fighters
light blueGermany~21/22A235526/3555064--7146pre-1939undersurface camouflage
light blueGermany22A/B2?25414/2562265--1117121938-45 undersurface camouflage (with 70/71 superfície superior)
black-greyGermany21F1/236081+66--675553501930-45 cockpits after 1942-3, armor plate
dark olive greenGermany~28F734127/3415167--14046741939-42?tropical camouflage
light olive greenGermany~28E63425868--14058521939-42?tropical camouflage
light tanGermany~4A32359469--3204811939-42?tropical camouflage
black-greenGermany28B2; 28G224052; 1405670--906175691938-45 upper-surface camouflage with 71 (65/22 undersurfaces), propellor blades
dark greenGermany29/30F33407971--876491491938-45upper-surface camouflage with 70 (65/22 undersurfaces)
greenGermany25G3; 26F324056; 1405072--775481621938-45 marinha camouflage, superfície superior with 73 (65 undersurfaces)
greenGermany25E/F324077; 14056-73--876491591938-45marinha camouflage, superfície superior with 72 (65 undersurfaces)
dark grey-greenGermany21E/F3; 26F236081 +G74--664467641942-45fighter camouflage, superfície superior with 75 (76 undersurfaces)
grey-violetGermany23D2/3; 22F226118; 26152/2617375--1550601942-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior with 74 (day) or 76 (night) and 76 undersurfaces
light blueGermany~24A22552676--1118141942-45 fighter camouflage, undersurfaces (with 74/75 or 81/82 superfície superior), overall (high-altitude and night)
light greyGermany30C1/22649377--017101942-45lettering, toned-down national markings (with 22)
sky blueGermany23B43535278--1269171942-45tropical camouflage, undersurfaces (with 79/80 superfície superior)
sand yellowGermany4/5D6, 6/7C/D420219 (30252)79--04064401942-45tropical camouflage, superfície superior with or without 80 (78 undersurfaces)
olive greenGermany4F8, 29F634096+80--0898901942-45 tropical camouflage, superfície superior (with 79)
brown-violetGermany6E4/5; 5F6/730099/3011881--647883181944-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior (with 82)
dark greenGermany27/28E8; 3/4F3?30496*/3410282--674588671944-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior (with 81)
light greenGermany~26E/F34128*/3413883--825587241944-45 fighter camouflage with 81
yellow greenGermany~26D43422799--442364141943?-45 primer, fasteners
yellow-oliveGermany--34087(24064)--6014025801960s-presentupper-surface camouflage
basalt-grey, powder-greyGermany--26152--7012520651960s-presentupper-surface camouflage
silver-greyGermany--36375--7001500261960s-presentsuperficie inferior of avião camuflado




France


Note: sources indicate that French colors might
have a number of values, depending on the degree of fading and the
batch the paint came from. This has been indicated in the color chips.


Color Country MH FS C M Y K Circa Usage notes
terre de sienneFrance3F4 (fades to 22E8)24087 (fades to 30118)0 (0)5 (9)14 (23)68 (52)1918-35a khaki-brown akin to PC10: all fabric surfaces
vert protectiveFrance25/26E/F7141081305671930-38transparent: interiors, primer
vert tableauFrance24/25F6240581101751930-38opaque: topcoat, todas as superfícies; exterior metal primer
gris bleu fonceFrance21E3 (faded to 23E4)26118 (faded to 36176)15 (12)8 (8)0 (0)53 (46)1938-44superfície superior, segmented camouflage
kakiFrance4F4 (faded to 3F4)24091 (faded to 24087)0 (0)5 (4)15 (12)78 (67)1938-44superfície superior, segmented camouflage
brun (chocolat)France8F4-7F5 (faded to 6F5)20099-20059 (faded to 20108)0 (0)7 (9)10 (11)82 (74)1938-44superfície superior, segmented camouflage
brun fonceFrance6F5-6E820108-2011702228661938-44superfície superior, segmented camouflage
vert fonceFrance30F/G2, 30F424079, 240960, 00, 22, 573, 731938-44superfície superior, segmented camouflage
ombre calcin‚eFrance5E/F4, 7E520118, 201110/0, 05/11, 189/23, 2476/51, 581938-44superfície superior, segmented camouflage
gris bleu clairFrance24D3-23D325189-252371170341938-44superficie inferior, cockpits
noirFrance--27056000901935-45insignia, superficie inferior
bleuFrance22E815090/2509049260511935-45insignia
blancFrance--2778002101935-45insignia
rougeFrance11C82110606258321935-45insignia
jaunceFrance4/5A8235380/042/5898/990/01938-44markings




Italy


Color Country MH FS -- C M Y K Circa Usage notes
giallo mimetico 3Italy5C7 33434 --01442241930s-1941camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
grigio azzurro chiaro 1Italy28D236307 --102451938-1945?camouflage, undersides of flying surfaces
marrone mimetico 53193Italy7E530140 --01115581930s-1941camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
nocciola chiaro 4Italy6D430219 --0714521941-1945?segmented camouflage, superfície superior
verde anticorrosioneItaly28D434558 --8010181930s?-1945?interiors, primer
verde mimetico 2Italy27F434092 --501711930s-1941camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
verde mimetico 3Italy29F834102 --307681930s-1941camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
verde mimetico 53192Italy28D534227 --11011481930s-1941camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
verde oliva scuro 2Italy28F334052 --102761930s-1941camouflage, superfície superior (overall and segmented esquemas)




Poland


Color Country MH FS Pol. Ref. C M Y K Circa Usage notes
khakiPoland-- 30108 --079711922?-1939camouflage, superfície superior (overall and in segmented esquemas)
grey-bluePoland--35526 --1240231939camouflage, undersides of flying surfaces
ochrePoland--33245 --0930301939segmented camouflage, superfície superior
light olivePoland--34151 --006641939segmented camouflage, superfície superior
dark olivePoland--34097 --4010821939segmented camouflage, superfície superior




Sweden



Color Country MH FS Swedish Ref. # C M Y K Circa Usage notes
dark greenSweden30F/G234079/34086/34096--13820681940-60sall superfície superior (all types 1940-46, attack aircraft and transports to 1960s)
dark olive greenSweden26F334086325M303671960s-1990ssuperfície superior: segmented camouflage (fighters), splinter camouflage (attack aircraft, helicopters, transports)
blue-greySweden23F226329058M1270331940s-1990ssuperficie inferior of green- and splinter-avião camuflado, superfície superior of grey-camouflaged fighters

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